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Conversion therapy

Conversion therapy

Conversion therapy is any form of so-called treatment which attempts to change sexual orientation or reduce attraction to others of the same sex. It is a pseudoscientific practice based on a theory and assumptions that being lesbian, gay, bi or trans is a mental illness that can be cured. Conversion therapy promotes the notion or belief that there is something wrong with being LGBT+ in the first place which there is not.

No one should be told their identity is something that can be changed or cured.

  • In the UK, all major counselling and psychotherapy bodies, as well as the NHS, have concluded that conversion therapy is dangerous and have condemned it
  • Facebook and Instagram have banned the promotion of conversion therapy in ads
  • More than 370 religious leaders from around the world called for a ban

Both Theresa May and Boris Johnson promised to ban conversion therapy though many argue the UK government is dragging its feet. The campaign to ban conversion therapy is being stepped up and, in March 2021, Equalities Minister Liz Truss said the government will bring forward plans to ban gay conversion therapy "shortly". Define shortly?

Liz Truss promises ban on gay conversion therapy | BBC News | 12 Mar 2021

May 2021 Update

The ban for England and Wales was announced in the Queen's Speech - but it will be preceded by a consultation. It will consider religious freedoms and how to protect accredited professionals in a move welcomed by some groups. Jayne Ozanne, a former government equality adviser who underwent conversion therapy, agrees."We've had three years of talking," she said. "What we really need is action that will protect young and old LGBT people right now, not this Groundhog Day of constantly being told that we're going to consult and listen."

Conversion therapy ban: Campaigners dismayed over delay | BBC News | 12 May 2021

Origins

In 1899, German psychiatrist Albert von Schrenck-Notzing announced at the first International of Hypnotism conference that he had turned a gay man straight. He reported that his homosexual patient required 45 hypnotic sessions over four months to reverse his homosexual desires. Little did he know, Albert had kicked off a phenomenon often referred to today as "conversion", "reparative", or "gay cure" therapy.

In 1920, Sigmund Freud wrote of a lesbian patient whose father wanted to see her converted to heterosexuality. Freud echoed modern psychologists by responding that changing sexual orientation was difficult and unlikely. Offering to see the woman, Freud later broke off the therapy due to her hostility. In 1935, Freud went even further, writing to a woman who wanted her homosexual son converted that homosexuality "is nothing to be ashamed of, no vice, no degradation; it cannot be classified as an illness."

Because conversion therapy is not a mainstream psychological treatment, there are no professional standards or guidelines for how it is conducted. Early treatments in the 1960s and 70s included aversion therapy, such as shocking patients or giving them nausea-inducing drugs while showing them same-sex erotica, according to a 2004 article in the British Medical Journal.

Evidence

It's difficult to find ANY reliable evidence that sexual orientation can be changed and medical bodies warn that conversion therapy practices are ineffective and seriously harmful. Nevertheless, its advocates provide anecdotal reports and stories of so-called "ex-gays" claiming some (a degree) of success in becoming heterosexual.

In the US, Joseph Nicolosi, Sr (now deceased) claimed to have "assisted hundreds of clients with their goal to reduce their same-sex attractions and explore their heterosexual potential." Thankfully, no one as high profile in the UK has done likewise but it would be foolish to think that the dark art of conversion therapy has been eradicated here.

NO MORE LIVES LOSTSign the petition 

Ban Conversion Therapy was created in July 2020 calling on the UK Government to commit to a full legislative ban. A coalition of LGBT+ and faith communities and organisations, and mental health practitioners united in calling for the Government to Ban Conversion Therapy and support victims and survivors.

Petition: No more lost lives to conversion therapy  

More

Conversion therapy | Stonewall
Conversion therapy | Wikipedia
Gay conversion therapy | HuffPost
The lies and dangers of efforts to change sexual orientation or gender identity | Human Rights Campaign (US)

"David Matheson said he regrets perpetuating the idea that being gay is a disorder. “It is horrifying to think that I was part of a system that held people like me down,” he said. One of the leading figures of the controversial ‘gay cure’ therapy movement in America made headlines all around the world last week when he publicly came out as gay. In an exclusive interview with Channel 4 News, David Matheson, 57, admitted the practise which nearly 700,000 Americans have undergone, is not only built on a harmful philosophy, but should be banned." Channel 4 News

 ‘Gay conversion therapist’ comes out: exclusive interview | Channel 4 | 31 Jan 2019 | 13m 17s

News and features

Does the government’s plan to allow ‘consensual’ conversion therapy undermine its proposed ban? | The Conversation | 2 Nov 2021
Human rights lawyers call on UK government to ban ‘conversion therapy’ | The Guardian | 1 Oct 2021
C of E bishop backs prosecution of those who defy ‘gay conversion’ ban | The Guardian | 9 Jun 2021
Three UK government LGBT advisers quit with rebuke of 'ignorant' ministers | The Guardian | 11 Mar 2021
“I do not believe this Tory government, sadly, have the best wishes of the LGBT community at heart. Instead we seem to have a Trump-esque mode of operation where they’re listening to the rightwing evangelicals and those, frankly, who want to take us back.” Jayne Ozanne

Forced marriage is an ‘evil’ form of conversion therapy – and it’s still happening today | Pink News | 24 Jun 2021
The double lives of gay men in China’s Hainan province | The Conversation | 11 Mar 2021
Ministers 'must quickly ban LGBT+ conversion therapy' | BBC | 9 Mar 2021
Senior faith leaders call for global decriminalisation of LGBT+ people | The Guardian | 16 Dec 2020
Gay conversion therapy: Hundreds of religious leaders call for ban | BBC | 16 Dec 2020
Instagram and Facebook to block LGBT 'conversion therapy' services | BBC News | 9 Jul 2020
Charities backing ‘gay conversion therapy’ need to be investigated, say campaigners | Civil Society | 17 Jun 2020
Calls to ban LGBT 'conversion therapy' in UK | BBC News | 5 Jun 2020
UK’s first Chick-fil-A has closed for good after fierce backlash | Pink News | 30 Mar 2020
Utah becomes latest state to ban discredited LGBTQ 'Conversion Therapy' | 22 Jan 2020
'Cluck off': UK's only Chick-fil-A outlet to shut in LGBT rights row | The Guardian | 21 Oct 2019
The day I met a ‘gay conversion therapist’ | BBC News | 16 Sep 2019
Google removes anti-gay ‘conversion therapy’ app after pressure from LGBT+ rights groups | The Independent | 29 Mar 2019
The cruel, dangerous reality of gay conversion therapy | Wired | 7 Jul 2018
UKCP actively campaigns against all forms of conversion therapy | UK Council for Psychotherapy | 4 Jul 2018
'Global epidemic’ of LGBT conversion therapy | The Guardian | 8 Aug 2018
Proposed ban is a positive step but the battle remains to be won | The Conversation | 4 Jul 2018
What is gay conversion and is it legal? Here is everything you need to know about it | inews.co.uk | 3 July 2018
'Gay conversion therapy' to be banned as part of LGBT equality plan | BBC News | 3 July 2018
Will a UK ban on gay conversion therapy work? | NewStatesman | 2 July 2018
The day I met a ‘gay conversion therapist’ | BBC | 16 Sep 2019
Gay conversion therapy's disturbing 19th-century origins | History | 22 Jun 2018
Psychologists back call for end to conversion therapy | The British Psychological Society | 21 Oct 2017
10 ridiculous and laughable cures for homosexuality | 19 Aug 2014
Conversion therapy: she tried to make me 'pray away the gay' | The Guardian | 27 May 2011

What’s it like to have “gay conversion therapy”? | BBC Radio 4 | 3 Sep 2019 | 21m 13s 

Banning 'gay cure' therapies under the LGBT action plan | BBC News 24 | 5 Jul 2018 | 6m 7s
Is this the end for gay conversion therapy? | BBC Newsnight | 9 Apr 2015 | 5m 27s

Films

Boy erased | Trailer | 2018
Latter days | Trailer | 2004

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