Understanding hate crime statistics for London
What are Homophobic offences?
According to the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS):
- Hate incidents
A Hate Incident is any incident which the victim, or anyone else, thinks is based on someone’s prejudice towards them because of their race, religion, sexual orientation, disability or because they are transgender. Not all hate incidents will amount to criminal offences, but those that do become hate crimes. Evidence of the hate element is not a requirement. The victim need not perceive the incident to be hate-related. It would suffice if another person (even a police officer) did perceive that the incident was hate-related.
- Hate crimes
The National Police Chiefs Council (NPCC) and the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) have agreed on a common definition of hate crime: "Any criminal offence which is perceived by the victim or any other person, to be motivated by hostility or prejudice based on a person's race or perceived race; religion or perceived religion; sexual orientation or perceived sexual orientation; disability or perceived disability and any crime motivated by hostility or prejudice against a person who is transgender or perceived to be transgender."
- Homophobic targeted hate crime
A homophobic incident is defined as: ‘Any incident, which is perceived to be homophobic by the victim or any other person.’ (That is directed to impact on those known or perceived to be lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender people)
What are Sanction Detections?
We found this definition of Sanction Detections from Full Fact:
- Sanction detections
According to the Home Office, Sanction detections are detections where offences are resolved through a formal sanction - including being charged or receiving a caution. Not all sanction detections lead to a conviction. In cases where a defendant is charged the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) may not decide to proceed with the case and the defendant can always be found not guilty.
Sanction detections (under solving crime) | Full Fact
Is hate crime going up or down in London?
Firstly, we would like to acknowledge the Independent LGBT+ Advisory Group (see below) who have crunched data sheets supplied by the Met for many years now.
Reported homophobic offences have risen year on year over the past five years from 100+/ month in 2015 to 200+/ month in 2019 but one should take into account that reporting hate crime has increased; significantly over recent decades.
It then becomes more difficult to calculate and know what numbers to attribute to increased reporting and what numbers to homophobic offences. The answer is we don’t know. However, onwe should note the rate of sanction detections (solving crime) which has fallen year on year since 2015.
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